teaching, blogging and researching on art and culture, viewing the world through the camera's eyes, continually contemplating on the world of aesthetics and art theory and expressing it in art criticism and discourse…
Last time, we talked about the relationship of art with the church. Particularly, how art expressed beliefs and predispositions of the church. Christian religion then was a new system of belief and to reach the populace, it depended heavily on the portrayals of art in terms of paintings, murals, sculptures, rose windows, and even the architecture of the church itself.
This time, there is a drastic shift as artists rediscover classical antiquity. Artistic expressions explore classical values as an absolute value of art. It terms of philosophical thought, humanism was on the rise. The value of the human as a central figure causes a dramatic shift in valuations. The divine slowly shifts below humanistic thoughts and tendencies.
In terms of object, linear perspective was getting mastered, along with the development of oil and easel painting. Artists are now able to paint minute details which were important to their shifting secular patrons. Although religious subjects are still pre-dominant, there is a more secular aspect to them. Easel painting introduced the isolation of a subject from its environment. Everyday life, everyday people and everyday details are slowly coming into portrayal.